ometry ad kinematic analysis of extensional faulting from analogue model studies.

by Peter Geoffrey Ellis

Publisher: Goldsmiths" College in London

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 17
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Edition Notes

Thesis submitted for a Ph.D. degree.

Kinematic Analysis – Planar Rock Slope Failure To consider the kinematic admissibility of plane instability, five necessary but simple geometrical criteria must be met: (i) The plane on which sliding occurs must strike near parallel to the slope face (within approx. ±20°). (ii) Release surfaces (that provide negligible resistance to sliding. Through the case studies in block M in Myanmar, methodology and key techniques on quantitative identification and analysis of sub-seismic extensional structure system are used, presented and validated in detail as follows. Tectonic background and 3D seismic data of block M. Block M is situated in the northeast Andaman basin, Myanmar. typical geometries and kinematics of normal faults, the progressive nature of faulting, the relationship between the principal stress orientations and normal faults, variety of physical parameters that influence the geometry and kinematics of normal faults, usefulness of analog models. . Topic 3: Kinematics – Displacement, Velocity, Acceleration, 1- and 2-Dimensional Motion Source: Conceptual Physics textbook (Chapter 2 - second edition, laboratory book and concept-development practice book; CPO physics textbook and laboratory book Types of Materials: Textbooks, laboratory manuals, demonstrations, worksheets and activities.

Book, Internet Resource: All Authors / Contributors: James G Buchanan; a review of analogue model studies / K.R. McClay --Estimating inversion: implications for the geometry and timing of fracture porosity / M. Nemčock, R. Gayer & R. Miliorizos D analysis of inverted extensional fault systems, southern Bristol Channel basin.   The models yield information on deformed shape, displacement trajectories, and the orientation and magnitude of stress and strain in the model at various stages of displacement. Geometry models examine the development of structures, mainly in 2-D, by applying various simplified kinematic or displacement rules. These models do not provide direct. reading through the analysis of data and the construction of analytical, numerical and analogue models. Hopefully they will also be fun! Field Trip. There will be a one day field trip to Brighton. This will be on Saturday 12th thAugust or Sunday 13 August. Assessment. 1. An A3 graphic poster to illustrate multi-scale geometry and kinematic. along faults in the subsurface. Kinematic forward models were constructed in this study to predict the active fault geometry at depth where it may not be very visible. The models are based on concepts of extensional fault-bend folding and were constructed to resolve .

Figure 6. Analog model E 45 degrees Oblique Rift. (a) Overhead view of analog model after 4 cm extension. Illumination is from the left. (b) Overhead view of analog model after cm extension (50% stretching at the base of the model). Illumination is from the left. Line diagram interpretation of the surface fault pattern at the end of. Special offer online bookshop price: £ New prices from 20 August List £25 / GSL and other society members £ (Previous prices: List £35 / GSL and Other society members £25) This book forms the second of a two part volume containing a compilation of 35 classic papers on extensional tectonics, with particular emphasis on petroleum-related features. Each part comprises a set of. 39 Gudmundsson; ). The growth history of a natural extensional fault, however, is often more complex than 40 one might expect from such simple models. Rock variability and the presence of older structures (e.g., pre existing faults) may play a crucial role, for instance, in affecting the geometry of the fault and its extent. These. @article{osti_, title = {Effect of faulting on fluid flow in porous sandstones: Petrophysical properties}, author = {Antonellini, M and Aydin, A}, abstractNote = {Fault zone permeability in outcrop is quantified by detailed geologic mapping and by measurements using a minipermeameter. Deformation bands, zones of deformation bands, and slip planes are structural elements associated with.

ometry ad kinematic analysis of extensional faulting from analogue model studies. by Peter Geoffrey Ellis Download PDF EPUB FB2

Kinematic information is not available, but the younger-on-older geometry and linkage to the Bessel Fjord and Kildedal shear zones suggest extensional displacement as well. (2) The second segment is a high strain zone bounding the west side of the Eleonore Bay Supergroup that shows evidence for top-to-the-east extensional shear (Friderichsen.

Papers Extensional fault systems in sedimentary basins: a review of analogue model studies* K, R. McClay Department of Geology, Royal Holloway and Bedford New College, University of London, Egham Hill, Egham, Surrey TW20 0EX, UK Scaled analogue models have provided graphic new insights into the progressive development of extensional fault by:   The kinematic model reproduces well many of the features seen both in analogue models and reported from outcrop and seismic studies Withjack et al.,Stewart et al.,Gawthorpe et al., In particular the model successfully reproduces an upward-widening monocline (fault-propagation fold) linked to a discrete fault at by: Origin of "reverse drag" on Geometry and kinematics of inversion I5 the downthrown side of normal faults.

to the analysis of extensional tectonic terranes. the results of analogue. Tectonuphysics, () Eisevier Science Publishers B. V., Amsterdam Kinematic analysis of faults in a physical model of growth faulting above a viscous salt analogue C.

Childs a, S.J. Easton a, B.C. Vendeville b, M.P.A. Jackson h, S.T. Lin b, J.J. Walsh and J. Watterson a " Fault Analysis Group, Department of Earth Sciences, Unirersity of Liverpool, P.O.

BoxLiverpool Cited by: Geometry predicted for extensional fault-propagation folds using Zehnder and Allmendinger's () method. (a) Asymmetrical trishear model using piece-wise linear velocity field.

f 1 Z and f 2. Kinematic models determine the evolution of a geometrical structural model (e.g. Laubscher, ), so that the paths of material points in the model can be followed and examined. Kinematic indicators, i.e. information about the kinematic vectors involved in the structural development, are, for instance, slickensides on faults, axes of folds.

Detailed geometry of the ramp-flat listric extensional fault model. EXPERIMENTAL MODELS OF HANGINGWALL DEFORMATION 87 Extension values are calculated as a percentage of the amount of extension over the initial length of the fixed footwall block. Ellis, P.G., Geometry and Kinematic Analysis of Exen- sional Faulting from Analogue Model.

Abstract. Thrust faults in inverted extensional basins may not exhibit the simple low-angle, ramp-flat thrust trajectories that are characteristic of many foreland fold and thrust belts, but are expected to show more complex geometries controlled by the architecture of the earlier extensional fault system.

Model results illustrate how shortening velocity has an important influence on the geometry and kinematics of the resulting wedge. In general, for models having similar bulk shortening, the accretionary wedges with higher velocities of shortening are roughly steeper, higher and longer, as well as having larger critical wedge angles and height.

The development of the analogue model thrust fault-related folds by progressive changes in kinematics, from décollement folding to thrust-tip folding and finally thrust-ramp folding, compares. Kinematic studies of small-scale extensional faults show a NNE to NE maximum stretching direction (λ1), suggesting that the Atuel depocenter acted as an oblique rift.

Geometry, kinematics and fracture pattern of the Bangestan anticline, Zagros, SW Iran This is consistent with regional geological studies, analogue, and numerical models that suggest that.

Evaluate the geometry, kinematics and evolution of a normal fault system. Understand the evolution of rift stratigraphic architecture in time and space. Assess geometry and sediment infill of an individual fault block. Construct a cross-section through part of the rift.

Calculate the heave and throw of faults, individually and cumulatively. A distinct spatial relationship between surface faulting, magmatic intrusions and volcanic activity exists in the Aegean continental crust. In this paper, we provide detailed structural observations from key onshore areas, as well as compilations of lineament maps and earthquake locations with focal plane solutions from offshore areas to support such a relationship.

Extensional detachment faulting on the Tyrrhenian margin of the southern Apennines contractional belt (Italy) significantly different kinematic analysis of the low-angle exten- (after Lister & Davis ); (c) analogue model of the evolution of a detachment fault from a.

Impact of erosion and décollements on large-scale faulting and folding in orogenic wedges: analogue models and case studies. Journal of the Geological Society, Vol.Issue. 6, p. Journal of the Geological Society, Vol. Issue.

6, p. A computerized kinematic model of thrust-ramp anticline geometry allows workers to predict the zones of greatest deformation in ramp anticlines and fault duplexes.

The model assumes a constant cross-section area, symmetrical fold hinges, and slip in the hanging wall parallel to the ramp and forelimb. Model studies of salt-dome tectonics: AAPG Bulletin and oil/gas migration to and spill-point geometry of petroleum traps; two case studies of fault seal assessment applied to normal faults in Tertiary clastic reservoirs in offshore Sarawak and offshore Gulf of Thailand; and physical analog studies of the development of extensional faults.

Spatial distribution and evolution of fault-segment boundary types in rift systems: observations from experimental clay models / P.S. Whipp, C.A.-L. Jackson, R.W. Schlische, M.O. Withjack & R.L.

Gawthorpe D geometry and kinematic evolution of extensional fault-related folds, NW Red Sea, Egypt / S.M. Khalil & K.R. McClay --Rift migration and. The part of the continental margin that comprises the Taiwan Strait consists of a broad shelf area with a number of deep, fault-bounded basins 9,10,11,12,13,14,The extensional tectonic history.

Analog modeling stud67 even show stress reorientation along single faults within an oblique rift segment. Since our initial model conditions cannot take into account small-scale fabric.

Extensional fault systems in sedimentary basins: a review of analogue model studies. in press. 4D analogue models of extensional fault systems in asymmetric rifts: 3D visualizations and comparisons with natural examples. Three-dimensional geometry and kinematics of experimental piggyback thrusting.

About The Book. This up-to-date introduction to kinematic analysis ensures relevance by using actual machines and mechanisms throughout. MACHINES & MECHANISMS, 4/e provides the techniques necessary to study the motion of machines while emphasizing the application of kinematic theories to real-world -of-the-art techniques and tools are utilized, and analytical techniques are.

Its geometry is related with the inverted extensional system. In particular, the three-dimensional geometry, including the saddles between culminations, is inherited from the previous transfer faults of the segmented rift margin.

Available seismic data and 3 exploratory wells constrain the geometry. Here we present a two-dimensional kinematic model of linked basement faulting and extensional fault-propagation folding which builds upon an earlier adaptation of trishear (Hardy and Ford, ), and use this model to investigate the influence of shear zone geometry and the rate of fault propagation on both the geometry of, and the strain.

search input Search input auto suggest. search filter. This paper discuss the results of integrated study of 3D fault frameworks, balancing cross-section, analogue sandbox modeling and faults seal analysis as part of structural geology evaluation in the Jabung field which concentrate in finding and determining kinematics relationship among different faulting Title: Bussiness Support Specialist.

Geometry, kinematics, and landscape characteristics of an active transtension be explained by movement along north-striking extensional fault systems, while the geometry of drainage divides subparallel to the zone are consistent with uplift of corrugations as well as rapid uplift of mountain ranges by normal-right-slip faulting.

q The complexity of internal faulting in this model was The geometries and kinematics of inverted fault systems: a review of analogue model studies, in J.G. Buchanan and P.G. Buchanan, eds., Inversion tectonics: Geological Society Special Publicat p.

McClay, K.R., b, 2-D and 3-D analogue modelling of extensional fault. Any model of rockslide-avalanche kinematics or dynamics must take such structures into account, and the analogue models provide a useful way of exploring their development and significance.

The models reproduce all structural features seen in natural examples, and the runout in the experiments is similar to that of natural small-volume events.The three-dimensional geometry and kinematics of brittle structures within the immediate hanging-wall of construct a three-dimensional model of a large extensional fault with a distinct hanging-wall rollover (figure 7).

This model was restored and a strain analysis performed to show the distribution of principal strain across the fault.Instead of this extensional setting being dominated by normal-faults, a strike-slip regime is ubiquitous across the island.

Furthermore, these strike-slip faults are parallel to rift-related structures such as dikes and fissures. This style of faulting is not predicted by traditional views of seafloor spreading and extensional tectonics.